Clonazepam (brand name Klonopin) is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant that increases the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain and can cause profound sedation, especially when snorted.
When used as prescribed, this benzodiazepine prescription drug helps to treat panic attacks caused by anxiety disorders such as panic disorder as well as certain seizure disorders.
Sometimes referred to as “benzos,” benzodiazepine drugs are schedule IV controlled substances which means they have a potential for abuse. Other benzodiazepines include alprazolam (Xanax), diazepam (Valium), and lorazepam (Ativan).
Effects Of Snorting Klonopin
Engaging in Klonopin abuse by nasal insufflation can increase side effects due to the fast-paced absorption of the drug. This specific route of administration is a form of drug abuse that can lead to a number of serious side effects.
Short-Term Side Effects
Some of the short-term or immediate side effects of Klonopin may include:
- runny nose
- problems with coordination
- nose irritation
- memory problems
Those snorting drugs can experience a number of nasal problems. The mucous membranes and blood vessels in the nose absorb the drug quickly and cause damage over time.
For instance, those who snort Klonopin may experience consistent sinus infections, a chronic runny nose, or frequent nosebleeds. In addition to this, bacterial infections and a deviated septum can occur when the nasal cartilage is damaged or deteriorating.
Those who snort this benzodiazepine can also experience inflammation of the nasal lining as well as a loss of smell.
Dangers Of Snorting Klonopin
Although snorting this drug may cause an increase in euphoria, this feeling wears off quickly and can lead to a person taking more of the drug.
According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), this type of drug abuse may also lead to taking other drugs with strong effects, including opioids.
Some of the specific dangers of snorting Klonopin may include:
- mood swings
- impaired judgment
- memory problems
- aggressive behavior
- suicidal thoughts
- muscle weakness
- severe withdrawal symptoms
- potential dependence and addiction
Those who develop a physical dependence to Klonopin from this type of benzodiazepine abuse may suffer from more severe and long-lasting withdrawal symptoms.
In fact, some of the withdrawal symptoms associated with Klonopin, according to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA), may include:
- stomach upset
- muscle cramps
When Klonopin is snorted for a long period of time, these symptoms can increase in severity if the drug is abruptly stopped. This is why it is recommended to taper off clonazepam instead of quitting “cold turkey.”
Risk Of Overdose
Those abusing Klonopin by snorting the drug may also increase their risk of a clonazepam overdose. When snorting Klonopin, the effects occur quickly and then dissipate, making it difficult to determine how much of the drug is in your system which can lead to a life-threatening overdose.
According to the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), some of the symptoms of a Klonopin overdose may include:
- respiratory depression or difficulty breathing
- slowed heart rate
- impaired coordination
- decreased reflexes
If you suspect an overdose has occurred, contact 911 immediately. Once at the emergency room, a healthcare professional may treat the overdose with flumazenil, a medication used to help reverse the effects of a benzodiazepine overdose.
Klonopin Addiction Treatment
To receive substance abuse treatment, seek medical advice from your doctor who may recommend treatment programs for your specific needs. Depending on the severity of the addiction, you may require inpatient treatment or outpatient treatment.
The first step in the treatment process may include detoxification or medical detox, a way to rid your body of unwanted toxins. When this occurs, a medical professional will assist you and monitor you for withdrawal symptoms.
If you or a loved one are struggling with substance use, contact Northeast Addictions Treatment Center for information on our outpatient programs.
Northeast Addition Editorial Team
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This page does not provide medical advice.